The Republic of Indonesia, referred to as Indonesia, is one of the Southeast Asian countries. It is the largest archipelago country in the world with approximately 17,508 island groups. Its territory spans Asia and Oceania. The fourth most populous country in the world. There are more than 100 ethnic groups, of which about 47% are Javanese, about 14% are Sundanese, about 7% are Maduras, about 5% are Chinese. The state is a republic, parliament representative and president They are all elected. Indonesia's capital is Jakarta, the largest city in Southeast Asia and a world-famous seaport. It is located on the northwestern coast of Java. Indonesia's borders are bordered by Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia, as well as Singapore, the Philippines and Australia. Other neighboring countries. Indonesia is one of the founding countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and a member of the Group of 20. Indonesia is the world’s 16th largest economy in terms of international exchange rates, and it is the world’s 15 largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity. Indonesia Time Ratio Beijing time is 1 hour late. The international phone code is 62. The currency is rupee. The typical tropical rain forest climate, with an average annual temperature of 25-27°C, has no four seasons. The dry season is from May to October, and the rainy season is from November to April. Indonesia is divided into 31 provinces, 2 special administrative regions, and 1 capital region.
Due to the spread of islands, Indonesia has hundreds of different ethnic groups and languages. The largest ethnic group is the Javanese, and it is politically dominant. There are more than 200 ethnic languages in Indonesia, and Indonesian is commonly used. Indonesia has no state religion. About 87% of the population believes in Islam, making it the country with the largest Muslim population in the world. 6.1% of the population believes in Protestant Christianity, 3.6% believes in Catholicism, and the rest believe in Hinduism, Buddhism and primitive fetishism. Although the population is large and dense, Indonesia still maintains a large number of wilderness, and its biodiversity ranks second in the world. The country is rich in natural resources and is known as the "Treasure Island of the Tropics". Among them, mineral resources, biological resources, agricultural resources and tourism resources are quite abundant, providing favorable conditions for the sustainable development of the country's economy.
In Indonesia, a central and local taxation system is implemented, and tax legislation and collection powers are mainly concentrated in the central government. The current main taxes are: corporate income tax, personal income tax, value-added tax, luxury sales tax, land and building tax, departure tax, stamp tax, entertainment tax, radio and television tax, road tax, motor vehicle tax, bicycle tax, Advertising tax, foreigner tax, development tax, etc.
Main taxes and tax rates Income tax: On July 17, 2008, the Indonesian National Assembly passed the new "Income Tax Law", the highest personal income tax rate was reduced from 35% to 30%, divided into four levels, below 50 million rupiah, and the tax rate was 5%; Ten thousand dong to 250 million dong, 15%; 250 million dong to 500 million dong, the tax rate is 25%; those over 500 million dong, the tax rate is 30%. The corporate income tax rate was 28% during the transitional period in 2009 and reduced to 25% after 2010. Indonesia also has incentive measures for small, medium and micro enterprises, reducing or exempting 50% of income tax.
Value-added tax: Generally, a 10% value-added tax is levied on imports, production and services.
Stamp duty : a symbolic tax of IDR 3000 or IDR 6000 to the of some contracts and other documents. Indonesia's preferential tax policies for foreign investments. According to the Indonesian Government Regulation No.1 on Preferential Income Tax Preferences for Investment in Specified Enterprises or Specified Regions in 2007, the Indonesian government's new investment in the form of limited companies and cooperatives has been expanded to provide investment Income tax incentives.
The income tax benefits offered include :
(1) The corporate income tax rate is 30% (according to the new "Income Tax Law", 25% after 2010), which can be paid within 6 years, that is, 5% annually;
(2) Speed up repayment and depreciation;
(3) When dividends are distributed, the income tax rate paid by the foreign-funded enterprise is 10%, or according to the current double taxation avoidance agreement, a lower tax rate is adopted;
(4) A loss compensation period of more than 5 years shall be granted, but the maximum shall not exceed 10 years. The above-mentioned income tax concessions are issued by the Minister of Finance and evaluated annually.
Investment promotion policy Since January 1, 2007, the Indonesian government has exempted 6 types of strategic materials from value-added tax, namely, original or dismantled capital materials (excluding parts and components) belonging to machinery and factory tools, livestock, poultry and fish feed or manufacturing feed Raw materials, agricultural products, seedlings or seeds of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery, drinking water that can be drained through water pipes, and electricity (except for households with more than 6600 watts).
In February 2007, in order to attract foreign businessmen to enter Indonesia and cooperate with local enterprises in the fish processing industry, the Indonesian government prepared to adopt a number of taxation measures, including exemption of export tax on domestic processed fish products, reduction of import tax on fishery processing machinery, and income reduction Tax and value-added tax, and enterprises investing in the comprehensive economic development zone and eastern region can also receive land construction tax reduction or exemption. According to Article 30, paragraph 7 of the Investment Law No. 25 of 2007, the investment areas that require the approval of the central government include investment in natural resources that have a high risk of damaging environmental protection, investment in cross-provincial regions, and related to national defense strategy and national security investment.
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